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NEBRASKA STATE HISTORICAL SOCIETY MANUSCRIPT FINDING AID



RG2503.AM:  John Hyde Sweet, 1880-1964



Papers:  1938-1940

Nebraska City, Otoe County, Neb.:  Newspaper editor; U.S. Representative

Size:  11.0 cu.ft.; 22 boxes



BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE



John Hyde Sweet was born at Milford, Otsego Co., New York, September 1, 1880, the son of Charles Arthur and Minnie E. (Hyde) Sweet. His parents first came to Guide Rock, Nebraska and later moved to Palmyra. John was educated at the Palmyra High School and later attended the University of Nebraska. He moved with his family to Nebraska City in 1901.



Mr. Sweet was married to Zelma Harriet Ringsby October 5, 1904 at Auburn, Nebraska. He joined the Nebraska City News as its manager in 1909 and went on to become its editor, a position he held until his death in 1964. In 1938, he agreed to become congressional secretary to Congressman George H. Heinke. Heinke was killed in an auto accident in 1939 and Sweet was elected as First District Representative to finish Heinke’s term. Sweet had been a candidate for the Nebraska Legislature in 1926.



John Sweet was president of the Nebraska Press Association; president and charter member of the Nebraska City Chamber of Commerce, past president and organizer of the Nebraska City Rotary who awarded him the Community Service Award in 1929; past president BPOE, and he was a charter member of the Nebraska State Historical Society and the Nebraska Society. He received the Nebraska Builders Award from the University in 1951. He was a member of the original board of Nebraska City Utilities and served as a member of the State Normal Board.



John Hyde Sweet died at Wichenburg, Arizona following a stroke on April 4, 1964 and was buried at Wyuka Cemetery in Nebraska City on April 8, 1964. It is estimated that during his newspaper career, Sweet wrote approximately 2000 words a day, six days a week, 52 weeks a year, for nearly 55 years.



SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE



This collection consists of the papers of both the Hon. George H. Heinke and John Hyde Sweet which date from Mr. Heinke’s campaign of 1938 to the end of Mr. Sweet’s term of office in 1940. The collection is arranged in eight series: 1) General Correspondence by Subject, 1938-1940; 2) General Correspondence by Correspondent, 1940; 3) Correspondence Relating to the Second World War, 1939-1940; 4) Bulletin Requests, 1939-1940; 5) Form Letters, 1940; 6) Legislative Bills, 1939-1940; 7) Campaign and Election Data, 1938-1940; and 8) Printed Matter, 1938-1940.



Approximately four thousand pieces of correspondence form the bulk of the Sweet collection. The first two series consist of general correspondence filed alphabetically by topic and correspondent respectively. Series Three contains letters to and from constituents concerning adjournment of Congress, September-October 1940; Conscription, June-September, 1940; and neutrality, March-November 1939. Bulletin requests and form letters complete the correspondence files.



Series Six, Legislative Bills, consist of an extensive file of bills with some handwritten notes and comments. Campaign and election data includes such material as mailing lists, charts and maps. A file of printed matter completes the Sweet collection. This series includes the weekly press release “Capitol Hill,” by J.H. Sweet; literature from the Republican National Committee, speeches, bulletins and clippings.



Correspondents of Mr. Sweet and Mr. Heinke include: Charles D. Ammon, 1940; Paul Armstrong, 1940; Edward A. Beecher, 1939; Hugh A. Butler, 1939-1940; Earl Cline, 1940; Oren S. Copeland, 1940; Levi L. Coryell, Sr., 1940; Carl T. Curtis, 1940; Robert S. Dickinson, 1940; John M. Dierks, 1939; Isaac B. Flint, 1940; Harry D. Flory, 1939-1940; Rex Hazelrigg, 1939; Daniel M. Hildebrand, 1938-1939; Cordell Hull, 1939; Homer D. Kirk, 1939-1940; Walter D. Kirtley, 1940; Harry J. Krusz, 1940; James E. Lawrence, 1939-1940; Frederick H. Oberman, 1939; William H. Pitzer, 1940; Johm B. Quinn, 1939-1940; James L. Sellers, 1940; Arthur J. Weaver, 1940; Claude R. Wickard, 1940; William L. Wilson, 1940; and Millard T. Woods, 1939-1940.



This collection reflects the attitude of Nebraskans toward New Deal diplomacy, the arms embargo, the proposed 1939 revision of the neutrality act, and military conscription. Much of the correspondence relates to federal programs such as the National Youth Administration and Work Projects Administration, or to private organizations such as the Corn Belt Liberty League and the National Voice of Christian Economics. Of particular interest is a letter from Rex Hazelrigg, branch organizer of the Communist Party of the United States, Lincoln, Nebraska Branch, urging the lifting of the embargo on arms to Spain.



DESCRIPTION



Series 1 – General Correspondence by Subject, 1938-1940



Box 1

Folder




  1. Agriculture – Special Committee

  2. Agriculture Adjustment Act

  3. Anti-Lynching Bill

  4. Applications

  5. Arbor Day

  6. Babies

  7. Census Applications

  8. China-Japan Protests

  9. Civil Aeronautics

  10. Civilian Conservation Corps Camps

  11. Communist party – Lincoln, Nebraska Branch

  12. Congressional Record – Requests, etc.

  13. Congressional Library



Box 2

Folder




  1. Corn Belt Liberty League

  2. Dies Committee – Anti-American

  3. District Newspaper Subscription Records

  4. Fox Farming

  5. Fed Surplus Commodity Corporation

  6. Federal Home Loan Bank Board

  7. Federal Theater Protests

  8. Flying Cadets

  9. Flood Control

  10. Grain Dealers – on musty wheat

  11. Hendricks, Bill

  12. Hog Processing Tax

  13. House Stationery Room Bills

  14. Immigration

  15. Interstate Commerce Commission



Box 3

Folder




  1. Kings Canyon National Park Bill

  2. Kirk, Homer D.

  3. Legislature of Nebraska

  4. Maps – Geologic Survey Catalog – Prices-Information

  5. Medicine, Socialized

  6. National Youth Administration

  7. National Youth Administration

  8. Neely Bill

  9. Newspapers

  10. Patman Bill – Chain Stores

  11. Photographs

  12. Public Works Administration

  13. Postmastership

  14. Quinn, John B.

  15. Reciprocal Trade

  16. Reclamation

  17. Rural Electrification

  18. Rural Mail Routes

  19. Salary Vouchers – GHH, JHS, HC

  20. Silver Purchase Act



Box 4

Folder




  1. Social Security Act

  2. Spanish Embargo

  3. Soil Surveys – 1st District Inquiries

  4. Stock Yards Act

  5. Stauss, George A.

  6. Townsend Clubs and Bills

  7. Veterans Pensions

  8. War letters

  9. Wheeler/Lea Bill

  10. Wheeler/Jones Bill

  11. Worker Alliance of America



Box 5

Folder




  1. Works Progress Administration

  2. Correspondence

  3. Petitions

  4. Protests

  5. Miscellany



Series 2 – General Correspondence by Correspondent, 1938-1940



Box 6   Correspondence A – D



Box 7   Correspondence E – K



Box 8   Correspondence L – R



Box 9   Correspondence S – Z



Series 3 – Correspondence relating to WWII



Box 10

Folder




  1. Adjournment of Congress, 1940

  2. Conscription, 1940



Box 11

Folder




  1. Neutrality, A-R, 1939



Box 12

Folder




  1. Neutrality, S-Z, 1939



Series 4 – Bulletin Requests




  1. Bulletin Requests, 1939



Box 13

Folder




  1. Bulletin Requests, 1939-1940



Series 5 – Form Letters




  1. American Policy

  2. American Legion Dept

  3. 9-State Committee

  4. Members of Bar

  5. Graduation

  6. Defense Jobs

  7. Adjournment

  8. William Jennings Bryan Memorial

  9. Export-Import Bank

  10. Time Table of Dictatorship

  11. War Hysteria Letter

  12. Mimeo – Yearbooks

  13. Committee Letter, 1940, June 6



Box 14

Folder




  1. Supreme Court, 150th Anniversary

  2. Defense Program Letter

  3. Neutrality

  4. Hughes Address, Special

  5. Lawrence #2

  6. Lawrence Letter

  7. Postcard, Notice of Document

  8. Accident Bulletins

  9. Release, Arbor Day

  10. Cherry Blossom Letter

  11. WPA

  12. Document Ordered

  13. Stencil, Document Ordered



Series 6 – Legislative Bills, 1939-1940




  1. Townsend Act

  2. J. Hamilton Lewis Funeral

  3. HR 9980

  4. 3rd Deficiency Payment of Draft

  5. Transportation Bill

  6. Military Training

  7. Naval Bills

  8. District of Columbia Reorganization

  9. Wool Label Bill

  10. Investigation & Rec. Committee



Box 15

Folder




  1. Indian Affairs

  2. Excess Profits

  3. Tennessee Federal Judge

  4. Defense Housing

  5. 2nd Omnibus Claims Bill

  6. Increase Naval Academy

  7. Export & Import Bank

  8. National Farm Policy

  9. Indians

  10. $150,000,000

  11. Soldiers & Sailors Relief Act

  12. Stolen Property Act

  13. Indian Act

  14. Mt. Vernon Highway

  15. Water Conservation

  16. 3rd Deficiency

  17. Assign Claims on Public Contracts

  18. Refugee Children

  19. Defense of the US Tax Act

  20. Vessels & Neutrality Act

  21. Sugar Bill

  22. Monroe Doctrine



Box 16

Folder




  1. Farm Acts

  2. National Defense Appropriations

  3. Legislative Branch, Appropriation

  4. R.F.C. Amend

  5. Boulder Dam

  6. National Defense

  7. Navy Expansion

  8. Mexican Claims

  9. Naval Shipbuilding

  10. Naval Air Craft

  11. War Department Appropriations

  12. Immigration & Naturalization

  13. 2nd Supplemental, Defense Appropriation

  14. Alien Registration

  15. Federal Reserve Act



Box 17

Folder




  1. War Claims

  2. Wages & Hours

  3. T.V.A.

  4. Dept of Agriculture

  5. Commodity Cadet Conference

  6. 2nd Deficiency Bill

  7. Agriculture Appropriation

  8. Administrative Rules

  9. Labor Appropriations

  10. Promotion List, Army Officers

  11. Agriculture

  12. Reorganization Plan # IV

  13. Labor Bill

  14. Hatch Resolution

  15. Smith Resolution to Invest NLRB

  16. New York World’s Fair

  17. Transportation

  18. Lend-Spend

  19. Housing



Box 18

Folder




  1. Third Deficiency

  2. Crop Insurance

  3. District of Columbia Revenue

  4. Bloom Neutrality

  5. WPA Appropriations

  6. Mexican Claims, Expenses

  7. District of Columbia Appropriations

  8. Stabilization Extension

  9. River & Harbor

  10. Department of State, Justice, Commerce

  11. Social Security

  12. District of Columbia

  13. TVA

  14. Hyde Park Library

  15. Tax Revision

  16. “Hot Oil”



Box 19

Folder




  1. Supplemental Military Bill

  2. Ind. Offices Bill

  3. Legislative Appropriations Bill

  4. Agricultural Appropriations Bill

  5. Labor Appropriations

  6. National Defense

  7. 1st Deficiency Bill

  8. H. Res. 26, Dies

  9. Tax on Compensation of Public Officers

  10. P.O. Retirement Bills

  11. Election Com Bills

  12. Additional Work Relief

  13. Second Deficiency



Box 20

Folder




  1. Dept of Interior

  2. RFC, Com. Cr. Cor, Export-Import

  3. Naval Building Bill, Guam

  4. Treasury & P.O. Appropriation Bills

  5. Military Establishment



Series 7 – Campaign and Election Data, 1930-1940




  1. Election, Data Votes, Maps

  2. 1940 Graduates

  3. Reorganization

  4. County Teachers Mailing List

  5. Box Holders, Rural Only

  6. Grain Dealers, First District

  7. Lawyers, First District



Series 8 – Printed Matter, 1939-1940



Box 21

Folder




  1. “Capitol Hill,” by J.H. Sweet, a weekly press release, 1939-1940

  2. Republican National Committee Literature, 1938-1939

  3. Veterans Administration

  4. Speeches, 1939-1940



Box 22

Folder




  1. Booklet prepared for Congressmen concerning Railway bills

  2. Newspaper clippings

  3. Conscription Bill, newspaper clippings

  4. Railroads, Transportation



 



ADDED ENTRIES:



Butler, Hugh Alfred, 1878-1954

Communist Party (Lincoln, Neb.)

Corn Belt Liberty League

Curtis, Carl Thomas, 1905-2000

Flint, Isaac Braxton,

Hazelrigg, Rex

Heinke, George Henry, 1882-1940

Hull, Cordell, 1871-1955

National Voice of Christian Economics (Wahoo, Neb.)

National Youth Administration

Nebraska Consolidated Mills Company (Omaha, Neb.)

Neutrality

Military service, compulsory

Sweet, John Hyde, 1880-1964

United States. Congress. House of Representatives

United States. Works Projects Administration

Weaver, Arthur Jerard, 1873-1945

Wickard, Claude Raymond, 1893-1967



 



Revised 10-26-2009   TMM