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RG2410.AM:  Charles Wesley Pool, 1856-1930

Papers:  1898-1928

Tecumseh, Johnson County, Neb.:  Realtor; editor; Nebraska Secretary of State

Size:  1.5 cu.ft.; 3 boxes


Charles Wesley Pool was born in Illinois in 1856. While he was still a boy his family came to settle near Pawnee, Nebraska Territory. He wandered for several years after the death of his father, and in 1874 he became apprenticed to a printer in Illinois. In 1873 he returned to Nebraska, and the next year he became half-owner of the Johnson County Journal, which he was to edit for thirty-five years. He remained a resident of Tecumseh, where he married in 1884.

A staunch Democrat, he was elected to the Nebraska Legislature from a strongly Republican area in 1908, and was elected to be speaker of the Nebraska House. Pool led the fight for the bank guarantee law while in the legislature. In 1910 he was defeated as the Democratic and People’s Independent candidate for the office of Secretary of State, and in 1912 lost the gubernatorial race on the same ticket. In 1913 he was elected president of the Nebraska Press Association, and served until 1914 as deputy commissioner of labor. In 1914 he became the first Democratic to be elected to serve as the Secretary of State in Nebraska. He was reelected to the office in 1916, and again from 1922-1926. Pool had again filed for office when he died at Lincoln in July of 1930.


This collection consists of three manuscript boxes of material arranged in five series: 1) Correspondence, 1893-1930; 2) Addresses; 3) Political material; 4) Manuscript; and 5) Miscellany. The bulk of this material consists of correspondence dated from 1918-1920. This correspondence relates mainly to Pool’s 1918 campaign for reelection, and to land transactions of the Pool-Smith Land Company, dealing mainly with property holdings in eastern Colorado.

Correspondents include his brothers, and business and political associates, some of whom were: Christ Anderson, 1919; Samuel Avery, 1911; William Jennings Bryan, 1910; Hugh L. Cooper, 1920; H.P. Fitzimmons, 1915; Earl B. Gaddis, 1918; Gilbert Monell Hitchcock, 1919; Moses P. Kinkaid, 1918; George L. Loomis, 1920; John Mackie, 1919-1920; Niels Mikkelsen, 1918; John H. Morehead, 1912-1920; Keith Neville, 1921; G.L. Shumway, 1918-1920; C.J. Smythe, 1898; Albert Watkins, 1912.

See the photo component [RG2410.PH] for related images. See the Nebraska History index and the NSHS Library catalog for published materials by or about Charles Pool. See the Public Records collection [RG0002] for official records of the Secretary of State.


Series 1 – Correspondence, 1893-1930

Box 1


  1. 1893-1898

  2. 1910-1914

  3. 1915-1917

  4. 1918

  5. 1918

  6. 1918

  7. 1919

  8. 1919

Box 2


  1. 1919

  2. 1919

  3. 1919

  4. 1920

  5. 1920

  6. 1920

Box 3


  1. 1921

  2. 1922-1928

  3. 1930; unidentified and fragmented

Series 2 – Addresses

  1. Undated political speeches

Series 3 – Political material

  1. 1928 Democratic State Platform; election and voting figures; list of state officeholders; lists of Democratic voters

  2. Campaign clippings, not dated

  3. Election certificates, 1914 and 1916

Series 4 – Manuscript

  1. Fifteen pages, typewritten, concerning the guaranty of bank deposits

Series 5 – Miscellany

  1. Includes invitations; income tax worksheets for 1919 and 1920; receipts; land deeds; obituaries of Charles Pool



Aksala Chemical Company (Chicaco, Ill.)

Anderson, Christ

Banks and banking — Nebraska

Bryan, William Jennings, 1860-1925

Cooper, Hugh L., 1853-1923

Democratic Party — Nebraska

Elections — Nebraska — 1918

Gaddis, Earl B., ?-1923

Hitchcock, Gilbert Monell, 1859-1934

Kinkaid, Moses Pierce, 1850-1922

Loomis, George Linden, 1849-1932

Mikkelson, Niels, 1876-1955

Morehead, John Henry, 1861-1942

Nebraska. Secretary of State

Neville, Keith, 1886-1959

Pool, Charles Wesley, 1856-1930

Pool-Smith Land Company (Lincoln, Neb.)

Real estate business — Colorado

Real estate business — Nebraska

Shumway, Grant Lee, 1865-1925

Smith, William H.

Watkins, Albert, 1848-1923


DAB/HEK/jlc   05-06-1966

retyped ht   04-15-1975

Encoded TMM   03-07-2011